منتدى الإنجليزية

منتدى الإنجليزية

خاص بالجزائريين و التعليم في الجزائر
 
البوابةHomeCalendarGalleryFAQSearchRegisterLog in
Poll
ما رأيكم في منتدانا الجديد
ممتاز
22%
 22% [ 28 ]
جيد جدا
19%
 19% [ 24 ]
لا بأس به
30%
 30% [ 38 ]
متوسط
20%
 20% [ 25 ]
سيء
9%
 9% [ 12 ]
Total Votes : 127
Search
 
 

Display results as :
 
Rechercher Advanced Search
Latest topics
» Trackmania Valley
Fri Nov 06, 2015 9:25 pm by Samiha

» American and British Spelling
Mon Nov 03, 2014 9:09 am by T.S.A.Tamy

» E-mail writing
Wed Sep 10, 2014 3:09 pm by Samiha

» [ Www.TorrentDay.com ] - Mean.Facesitters.XXX.DVDRip.XviD-ST
Sat Feb 15, 2014 7:43 pm by nedrisas

» Language,dialect and variation, sociolinguistic
Thu Dec 19, 2013 8:39 pm by Samiha

» How to Use a Dictionary
Thu Dec 19, 2013 8:27 pm by Samiha

» Everything about phonetics here!!!!!
Sun Aug 04, 2013 12:01 pm by Abou Nourhan

» Useful Words for Any Conversation
Tue Jun 04, 2013 3:44 am by Samiha

» PCs and Macs
Thu Feb 14, 2013 8:07 pm by Samiha

Top posters
Samiha
 
Carlotta
 
mohamedz
 
nada32
 
AMINE
 
spirit
 
Rose of Spring
 
Sandra
 
سماحي 93
 
free_angel
 
المنتدى بكل اللغات

ازرار التصفُّح
 البوابة
 الصفحة الرئيسية
 قائمة الاعضاء
 البيانات الشخصية
 س .و .ج
 ابحـث
Social bookmarking
Social bookmarking digg  Social bookmarking delicious  Social bookmarking reddit  Social bookmarking stumbleupon  Social bookmarking slashdot  Social bookmarking yahoo  Social bookmarking google  Social bookmarking blogmarks  Social bookmarking live      

قم بحفض و مشاطرة الرابط منتدى الإنجليزية على موقع حفض الصفحات

Bookmark and share the address of منتدى الإنجليزية on your social bookmarking website
ازرار التصفُّح
 البوابة
 الصفحة الرئيسية
 قائمة الاعضاء
 البيانات الشخصية
 س .و .ج
 ابحـث
زوار المنتدى
Statistics
We have 86 registered users
The newest registered user is eiddanta

Our users have posted a total of 291 messages in 152 subjects
Who is online?
In total there is 1 user online :: 0 Registered, 0 Hidden and 1 Guest

None

Most users ever online was 47 on Thu Jan 03, 2013 9:39 pm

Share | 
 

 Social factors

Go down 
AuthorMessage
Samiha
Admin
avatar

عدد المساهمات : 159
تاريخ التسجيل : 2010-01-23
العمر : 33
الموقع : http://english4all.forumarabia.com/

PostSubject: Social factors   Wed Feb 03, 2010 8:47 pm



Social Factors


INTRODUCTION

When two people speak with one another, there is always more going on than just conveying a message. The language used by the participants is always influenced by a number of social factors which define the relationship between the participants. Consider, for example, a professor making a simple request of a student to close a classroom door to shut off the noise from the corridor. There are a number of ways this request can be made:

1. Politely, in a moderate tone "Could you please close the door?"
2. In a confused manner while shaking his/her head "Why aren't you shutting the door?"
3. Shouting and pointing, "SHUT THE DOOR!"

The most appropriate utterance for the situation would be a. The most inappropriate would be c. This statement humiliates the student, and provides no effort by the professor to respect him/her. Utterance b is awkward because it implies that the teacher automatically assumes that the student should know better than to leave the door open when there is noise in the hallway. The inappropriateness is a social decision tied to the social factors which shape the relationship between speaker ( the professor), and the listener (the student).

When choosing an appropriate utterance for the situation, there are factors that you must consider in order to effectively convey the message to the other participant.

1. Participants- how well do they know each other?
2. Social setting- formal or informal
3. Who is talking- status relationship/social roles ( student vs. professor)
4. Aim or purpose of conversation
5. Topic

Do you notice that there is a difference in the way you speak to your friends and the way you speak to your relatives, teachers, or others of professional status?


When telling your friend that you like his/her shirt, you say:
"Hey, cool shirt, I like that!"
When telling the President of the company your parents work for that you like his/her shirt, you say:
"You look very nice today, I really like that shirt."

This is called choosing your variety or code. This can also be seen on a larger scale, diglossia, where multilingual nations include a variety of accents, language styles, dialects and languages. Each of these factors is a reflection of the region and socio-economics background from which you come from. In monolingual societies, the region and socio-economic factors are determined by dialect and language style.

It is not uncommon in our nation to see that languages other than English are spoken inside the home with friends and family. However when these bilingual or even trilingual families interact socially outside of their home, they will communicate in English. Even church services may use a variation of the language, one that you would only hear in side the church or in school. An example of the difference in the use of a language can be seen in the following example from Janet Holmes, "An Introduction to Sociolinguistics," of the two main languages used in Paraguay; Spanish and Guarani:

Domain Addressee Setting Topic Language
Family Parent Home Planning a party Guarani
Friendship Friend Cafe Humorous ancedote Guarani
Religion Priest Church Choosing the Sunday liturgy Spanish
Education Teacher Primary Telling a story Guarani
Education Lecturer University Solving math problem Spanish
Administration Official Office Getting an important license Spanish


Diglossia

Diglossia: In a bilingual community, in which two languages or dialects are used differently according to different social situations.

Janet Holmes defines diglossia as having three crucial features:

1. In the same language, used in the same community, there are two distinct varieties. One is regarded as high (H) and the other low (L).
2. Each is used for distinct functions.
3. No one uses the high (H) in everyday conversation.

In the following example it is easy to tell which variety you will use given the social situations:

* Telling a joke
* Interviewing for a job
* Giving a speech for a charity event
* Giving a speech for a friend for his/her birthday
* Church
* Cafeteria
Back to top Go down
http://english4all.forumarabia.com
 
Social factors
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» Abdul Sattar Edhi - A world popular Social Worker
» Social Security DENIED
» Jumu'ah Naseehah - Social evils that are destroying Muslim communities - I
» Holistic healing and Social work.
» Obama Administration Finalizes Social Security Gun Ban

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
منتدى الإنجليزية :: learning english :: linguistics-
Jump to: