منتدى الإنجليزية

منتدى الإنجليزية

خاص بالجزائريين و التعليم في الجزائر
 
البوابةHomeCalendarGalleryFAQSearchRegisterLog in
Poll
ما رأيكم في منتدانا الجديد
ممتاز
22%
 22% [ 28 ]
جيد جدا
19%
 19% [ 24 ]
لا بأس به
30%
 30% [ 38 ]
متوسط
20%
 20% [ 25 ]
سيء
9%
 9% [ 12 ]
Total Votes : 127
Search
 
 

Display results as :
 
Rechercher Advanced Search
Latest topics
» Trackmania Valley
Fri Nov 06, 2015 9:25 pm by Samiha

» American and British Spelling
Mon Nov 03, 2014 9:09 am by T.S.A.Tamy

» E-mail writing
Wed Sep 10, 2014 3:09 pm by Samiha

» [ Www.TorrentDay.com ] - Mean.Facesitters.XXX.DVDRip.XviD-ST
Sat Feb 15, 2014 7:43 pm by nedrisas

» Language,dialect and variation, sociolinguistic
Thu Dec 19, 2013 8:39 pm by Samiha

» How to Use a Dictionary
Thu Dec 19, 2013 8:27 pm by Samiha

» Everything about phonetics here!!!!!
Sun Aug 04, 2013 12:01 pm by Abou Nourhan

» Useful Words for Any Conversation
Tue Jun 04, 2013 3:44 am by Samiha

» PCs and Macs
Thu Feb 14, 2013 8:07 pm by Samiha

Top posters
Samiha
 
Carlotta
 
mohamedz
 
nada32
 
AMINE
 
spirit
 
Rose of Spring
 
Sandra
 
سماحي 93
 
free_angel
 
المنتدى بكل اللغات

ازرار التصفُّح
 البوابة
 الصفحة الرئيسية
 قائمة الاعضاء
 البيانات الشخصية
 س .و .ج
 ابحـث
Social bookmarking
Social bookmarking digg  Social bookmarking delicious  Social bookmarking reddit  Social bookmarking stumbleupon  Social bookmarking slashdot  Social bookmarking yahoo  Social bookmarking google  Social bookmarking blogmarks  Social bookmarking live      

قم بحفض و مشاطرة الرابط منتدى الإنجليزية على موقع حفض الصفحات

Bookmark and share the address of منتدى الإنجليزية on your social bookmarking website
ازرار التصفُّح
 البوابة
 الصفحة الرئيسية
 قائمة الاعضاء
 البيانات الشخصية
 س .و .ج
 ابحـث
زوار المنتدى
Statistics
We have 86 registered users
The newest registered user is eiddanta

Our users have posted a total of 291 messages in 152 subjects
Who is online?
In total there are 2 users online :: 0 Registered, 0 Hidden and 2 Guests :: 1 Bot

None

Most users ever online was 47 on Thu Jan 03, 2013 9:39 pm

Share | 
 

 Politeness Strategies

Go down 
AuthorMessage
Samiha
Admin
avatar

عدد المساهمات : 159
تاريخ التسجيل : 2010-01-23
العمر : 33
الموقع : http://english4all.forumarabia.com/

PostSubject: Politeness Strategies   Wed Feb 03, 2010 9:08 pm



POLITENESS

In everyday conversation, there are ways to go about getting the things we want. When we are with a group of friends, we can say to them, "Go get me that plate!", or "Shut-up!" However, when we are surrounded by a group of adults at a formal function, in which our parents are attending, we must say, "Could you please pass me that plate, if you don't mind?" and "I'm sorry, I don't mean to interrupt, but I am not able to hear the speaker in the front of the room." I different social situations, we are obligated to adjust our use of words to fit the occasion. It would seem socially unacceptable if the phrases above were reversed.

According to Brown and Levinson, politeness strategies are developed in order to save the hearers' "face." Face refers to the respect that an individual has for him or herself, and maintaining that "self-esteem" in public or in private situations. Usually you try to avoid embarrassing the other person, or making them feel uncomfortable. Face Threatening Acts (FTA's) are acts that infringe on the hearers' need to maintain his/her self esteem, and be respected. Politeness strategies are developed for the main purpose of dealing with these FTA's. What would you do if you saw a cup of pens on your teacher's desk, and you wanted to use one, would you

1. say, "Ooh, I want to use one of those!"
2. say, "So, is it O.K. if I use one of those pens?"
3. say, "I'm sorry to bother you but, I just wanted to ask you if I could use one of those pens?"
4. Indirectly say, "Hmm, I sure could use a blue pen right now."

There are four types of politeness strategies, described by Brown and Levinson, that sum up human "politeness" behavior: Bald On Record, Negative Politeness, Positive Politeness, and Off-Record-indirect strategy.

If you answered A, you used what is called the Bald On-Record strategy which provides no effort to minimize threats to your teachers' "face."

If you answered B, you used the Positive Politeness strategy. In this situation you recognize that your teacher has a desire to be respected. It also confirms that the relationship is friendly and expresses group reciprocity.

If you answered C, you used the Negative Politeness strategy which similar to Positive Politeness in that you recognize that they want to be respected however, you also assume that you are in some way imposing on them. Some other examples would be to say, "I don't want to bother you but..." or "I was wondering if ..."

If you answered D, you used Off-Record indirect strategies. The main purpose is to take some of the pressure off of you. You are trying not to directly impose by asking for a pen. Instead you would rather it be offered to you once the teacher realizes you need one, and you are looking to find one. A great example of this strategy is somethin g that almost everyone has done or will do when you have, on purpose, decided not to return someone's phone call, therefore you say, " I tried to call a hundred times, but there was never any answer."

Back to top Go down
http://english4all.forumarabia.com
 
Politeness Strategies
Back to top 
Page 1 of 1
 Similar topics
-
» Manners, Etiquette & Politeness Quiz

Permissions in this forum:You cannot reply to topics in this forum
منتدى الإنجليزية :: learning english :: linguistics-
Jump to: